However, the English working-class disagreed and took to the habit of smoking tobacco from a pipe almost immediately.
The size of the bowl was often effected by the cost and availability of tobacco.
Despite the early objections from royalty and clergy, tobacco pipes made of clay became a staple of the English way of life within 50 years of their introduction.
By 1680, nearly every town in England had a pipe maker and clay pipes were the smoking pipe of choice.
For this cataloguing system, we suggest using Oswalds (19-42, figure 3G and 4G) Simplified General Typology for attempting to type pipe bowls that are complete enough to match the forms he provides.
While we recommend this reference as the most comprehensive, some archaeologists (including the DAACS initiative) prefer Atkinson and Oswalds (1969:7-12, figure 1 and figure 2) London-derived typology for its detailed approach to 17th-century pipes.